Horse Racing Throughout the History

Man may be known to make use of horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences reveal that as early as 4500 BC, the actual nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed systems of horse racing. Actually, the Greeks are known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.

Both the chariot horse racing and also the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These later on became an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the sport.

For thousand of years that followed, this type of sports was known to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.

Contemporary racing is said to have started in the 12th hundred years when the first breeding between Arabian as well as English horses were made. These were sparred by the return of the noble knights in combat to the mother land after the Crusades. They are known to have produced sturdy race horses with superb speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse and put them into tracks. This particular breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.

King Charles II had been known to have held horse races in his private courses throughout 1660 in order to 1685.

By the 16th century, the English have been known to produce a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne that founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.

Halfway in 1700�s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved in horse racing. This particular organization was the first legion of jockeys which established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the requirements as covered by the sports. Thus, they grew to become the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing occasions.

The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the legislation of breeding among horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, which was basically, the basis of authority in terms of the breeds that could be put to race. According to the General Stud Book, only those pedigrees which have descended in the line of the “foundations sires” are thought as Thoroughbreds. The foundation sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Arabian.

Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the very first racetrack was seen in the actual Long Island. Although it has turned into a favorite activity among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Due to the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread gambling on horse races, the sport grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the country.

Due to the lack of a governing body, this activity had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most prominent and high-ranking stable owners met and organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the actual Jockey Club in England.

These days the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to regulate the horse racing occasions.